Today is September 16, Mexican Independence Day! This weekend people all across the Riviera Maya and across the country will be celebrating this special day which serves as a source of that will be understood by those who live north of the border. So before you head out and join in the festivities we present to you a brief history of the key events in the history of Mexico that shaped its creation and forged the republic that now exists before you.
September 16 actually celebrates the anniversary of the Grito de Dolores, which was not the official end of the campaign. Ever since the late 19th century Mexican’s have been celebrating this important day with parades, bullfights, traditional dance, or simply going out with friends and having a fiesta.
Mexico had into Spanish hands in August 1521 after Hernán Cortés and his conquistadors finally defeated the Aztec empire. It came from the use of military power and the devastating effect of disease, which the Spanish had brought with them from Europe. The sickness that followed claimed the lives of much of the indigenous population, and the country began three centuries of colonial rule.
The fires of revolution would eventually be stoked in 1808 after Napoleon invaded Spain, which was occupied until 1813. The people of Mexico and the other Spanish colonies needed no other incentive and talk of revolution of began. This was when Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla issued his famous “Grito de Dolores” which became a de-facto declaration of war.
Hidalgo marched his armies, from village to village, and was finally defeated, which forced Hidalgo to flee and was eventually captured. He was executed by firing squad, and new leaders like José María Morelos y Pavón, Mariano Matamoros and Vicente Guerrero eventually emerged to lead armies of indigenous fighters and mixed-race revolutionaries to eventually defeat the rulers of the country and bring the rebellion to its conclusion
Mexico’s War Of Independence continued until 1821 when the Treaty of Córdoba was signed and Mexico became an independent constitutional monarchy. 18 months later the emperor was finally expelled by Antonio López de Santa Anna and Guadalupe Victoria, and the first Mexican Republic was established.
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