Gate48 is located in the beautiful Riviera Maya, which also happens to be the land of the Maya. They are the local indigenous people of Mexico and Central America that have lived in the Yucatan and Quintana Roo for centuries, as well as in Guatemala, Belize and Honduras. Their influence can be seen in the architecture of places like Tulum and Chichen Itza, and can also be tasted in the local Yucatecan food. Here are some interesting facts about the Maya:
The Maya belief system is based on the cyclical nature of life. They studied and tracked the movements of the stars over long periods of time. They expressed this through their architecture and in the myths about the land that they lived upon. Beneath the ground of the Yucatan, where the underground rivers flow with fresh water, is the Maya underworld. This is represented by the underground caves called cenotes, where their gods lived. They called it Xibalba (pronounced `shee-Bal-ba’) and it often became a place where sacrifices of gold, jewels and human beings were made.
The Maya had two calendars:
The Haab: 365-day calendar, just as we use today.
The Tzolkin: their sacred calendar of 260 days
In order to make much longer calculations, the Maya created the Long Count Calendar. Most of you will be familiar with this one because its end date was on December 21, 2012, which caused quite a stir around the world as the date came to pass, causing much amusement.
The long count calendar began on August 11, 3114 BCE, with each month of the year represented by a specific Maya god. The Maya considered life to be one eternal cycle and had no concept of an “end of the world.”
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